Interleukin-2 Induces Apoptosis in Mouse Thymocytes

Graziella Migliorati, Ildo Nicoletti, Maria Cristina Pagliacci, Luciano D'Adamio, Carlo Riccardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interleukins play a role in the process of T-cell development and, like other cytokines, seem able to modulate apoptosis. Interleukin-2 has been reported to inhibit apoptotic cell death of thymocytes induced in vitro by either activation of CD3/TCR complex or treatmet with glu-cocorticoid hormone. We demonstrate here that IL-2 can provoke DNA fragmentation and cell death of CD4+CD8+ mouse thymocytes by activating an endogenous apoptotic pathway. Thymocytes, incubated with high IL-2 concentrations in vitro, showed the morphological characteristics of apoptotic cells, including, reduction in nuclear size, derangement in chromatin structure, and DNA fragmentation in oligonucleosomal subunits. Inhibition of mRNA and protein synthesis and addition of the PKC-inhibitor H-7, Zn2+ ions, and IL-4 counteracted the IL-2 effect. These data suggest that high IL-2 concentrations may induce an active process of cell death on mouse thymocytes in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume146
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Thymocytes
Interleukin-2
Apoptosis
Cell Death
DNA Fragmentation
T-Cell Antigen Receptor-CD3 Complex
1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine
Interleukins
Interleukin-4
Chromatin
Hormones
Ions
Cytokines
T-Lymphocytes
Messenger RNA
In Vitro Techniques
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Migliorati, G., Nicoletti, I., Pagliacci, M. C., D'Adamio, L., & Riccardi, C. (1993). Interleukin-2 Induces Apoptosis in Mouse Thymocytes. Cellular Immunology, 146(1), 52-61. https://doi.org/10.1006/cimm.1993.1005

Interleukin-2 Induces Apoptosis in Mouse Thymocytes. / Migliorati, Graziella; Nicoletti, Ildo; Pagliacci, Maria Cristina; D'Adamio, Luciano; Riccardi, Carlo.

In: Cellular Immunology, Vol. 146, No. 1, 01.1993, p. 52-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Migliorati, G, Nicoletti, I, Pagliacci, MC, D'Adamio, L & Riccardi, C 1993, 'Interleukin-2 Induces Apoptosis in Mouse Thymocytes', Cellular Immunology, vol. 146, no. 1, pp. 52-61. https://doi.org/10.1006/cimm.1993.1005
Migliorati G, Nicoletti I, Pagliacci MC, D'Adamio L, Riccardi C. Interleukin-2 Induces Apoptosis in Mouse Thymocytes. Cellular Immunology. 1993 Jan;146(1):52-61. https://doi.org/10.1006/cimm.1993.1005
Migliorati, Graziella ; Nicoletti, Ildo ; Pagliacci, Maria Cristina ; D'Adamio, Luciano ; Riccardi, Carlo. / Interleukin-2 Induces Apoptosis in Mouse Thymocytes. In: Cellular Immunology. 1993 ; Vol. 146, No. 1. pp. 52-61.
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