Background/Aims: Subjects with chronic hepatitis C who fail treatment with interferon-α are generally divided into two groups: "relapsers" who normalized serum aminotransferase activity and have undetectable viral RNA during treatment and "non-responders" who do not achieve these results. The aim of this study was to examine retreatment of such subjects. Methodology: We studied 117 subjects with chronic hepatitis C who failed treatment with interferon-α, 87 of whom were "non-responders" and 30 "relapsers." Retreatment was with either interferon-α-2b plus ribavirin for 48 weeks or with interferon-α-2b plus placebo for 24 weeks followed by 24 weeks of combined therapy. Results: Sustained response rates, defined as undetectable viral RNA in serum 6 months after retreatment, were 53% in "relapsers" and 10% in "non-responders" (P<0.005). There was no significant difference if ribavirin was given for 24 or 48 weeks. In "non-responders" infected with genotypes other than type 1, 42% achieved a sustained response compared to 5% infected with genotype 1 (P=0.027; odds ratio 7.09). Conclusions: Treatment with interferon-α-2b plus ribavirin is effective in approximately 50% of "relapsers" and "non-responders" infected with non-type 1 genotypes of hepatitis C virus. Thais therapy is only marginally effective in "non-responders" infected with genotype 1a or 1b.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2002|
- Hepatitis C
- Viral hepatitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas