Interactions of concanavalin A with glycoproteins. A quantitative precipitation study of concanavalin A with the soybean agglutinin

M. Islam Khan, Dipak K. Mandal, C. Fred Brewer

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Certain oligomannose-type glycopeptides have been previously shown to be bivalent for binding to concanavalin A and capable of precipitating the lectin by forming homogeneous cross-linked lattices [L. Bhattacharyya, M. I. Khan, and C. F. Brewer, Biochemistry, 27 (1988) 8762-8767]. In the present study, the effect of protein environment on the binding properties of an oligomannose-type oligosaccharide has been examined through quantitative precipitation analysis of the interactions of concanavalin A (Con A) with the soybean (Glycine max) agglutinin (SBA), which is a tetrameric glycoprotein possessing a single Man9-oligomannose chain per monomer. The results showed that SBA forms two different types of cross-linked complexes with tetrameric Con A, depending on the relative ratio of the two molecules in solution. At a concentration of one equivalent or less, SBA forms a 1:1 complex with Con A. At concentrations exceeding one equivalent, SBA forms a 2:1 complex with Con A. However, SBA forms only 1:1 cross-linked complexes with dimeric forms of Con A, such as acetyl- and succinyl-Con A. The results demonstrated that the total valency of the carbohydrate of SBA is a function of both the quaternary structure of Con A, as well as the relative ratio of SBA to Con A. In addition, the individual Man9-oligosaccharide, which as a glycopeptide is bivalent for binding to Con A, expresses univalency when present on the protein matrix of SBA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-77
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume213
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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