Interaction with the MAPT H1H1 Genotype Increases Dementia Risk in APOE ε4 Carriers in a Population of Southern India

P. S. Jairani, P. M. Aswathy, Srinivas Gopala, Joe Verghese, P. S. Mathuranath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study delineates the role of the interaction of apolipoprotein E (APOE) and MAPT alleles in contributing to disease risks of dementia in a southern Indian population. Methods: A sample of 419 patients comprising Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 156), mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n = 87), frontotemporal dementia (FTD; n = 127), vascular dementia (VD; n = 37), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB; n = 12) was analysed in comparison with a control group (n = 138). APOE genotyping and MAPT haplotyping were performed on all study subjects. Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that variability on the APOE locus influenced the relative risk of dementia in the study population. The APOE ε4 allele increased the disease risk most significantly for AD (OR = 3.468, p < 0.0001) and MCI (OR = 2.901, p < 0.0001). The APOE ε2 allele remained protective for AD (OR = 0.205, p < 0.05). For FTD, VD, and DLB, the APOE ε4 allele was ineffectual in modulating disease risk. The MAPT H1 haplotype was not an overrepresented marker of neurodegenerative diseases. The H1H1 genotype had an additive effect in contributing to either disease risk in combination with the APOE ε4 allele or protection in combination with the APOE ε2 or ε3 allele. Conclusions: This study is a reappraisal of the strong association of APOE variability with AD in southern India when compared to other dementia groups, while the transcriptional differences between MAPT haplotypes have a limited role in Indian dementia patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-264
Number of pages10
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Oct 6 2016

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Apolipoprotein E
  • Dementia
  • Genotypic frequency
  • MAPT haplotypes
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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