Intense superoxide dismutase-1 immunoreactivity in intracytoplasmic hyaline inclusions of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with posterior column involvement

Noriyuki Shibata, Asao Hirano, Makio Kobayashi, Teepu Siddique, Han Xiang Deng, Wu Yen Hung, Takeo Kato, Kohtaro Asayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

245 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report concerns retrospective immunohistochemical and immunoelectron microscopic studies on superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) in intracytoplasmic hyaline inclusions (IHIs) of the anterior horn cells of three patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with posterior column involvement. All of the patients were members of the American 'C' family. Almost all of the IHIs, present in the soma and cordlike swollen neurites of some affected neurons of the three patients, were intensely stained by an antibody to human SOD1. By contrast, the cytoplasm of anterior horn cells of the ALS patients and of ten control individuals reacted only weakly with the antibody or not at all. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that the granule associated thick linear structures that composed the IHIs were intensely labeled by the antibody to SOD1. The IHIs were also positively stained by antibodies to ubiquitin and phosphorylated neurofilament protein, with the distribution of immunoreactivity resembling that seen with the anti-SOD1 antibody. The DNA analysis disclosed a single site GCC to GTC substitution at codon 4 (Ala4 → Val) in the SOD1 gene from the brain samples of the patients and from the peripheral blood of their family members. Our results suggest that SOD1 is a component of IHIs and may interact with ubiquitin and neurofilament protein, and point to the possibility that the presence of intense SOD1 immunoreactivity in the IHIs may be of relevance in processes involving structurally altered SOD1 molecules encoded by the mutated gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-490
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1996

Keywords

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Anterior horn cells
  • Gene analysis
  • Immunoelectron microscopy
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Intracytoplasmic hyaline inclusions
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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