Integrin-associated protein (CD47) is a putative mediator for soluble fibrinogen interaction with human red blood cells membrane

S. De Oliveira, V. Vitorino De Almeida, A. Calado, H. S. Rosário, C. Saldanha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fibrinogen is a multifunctional plasma protein that plays a crucial role in several biological processes. Elevated fibrinogen induces erythrocyte hyperaggregation, suggesting an interaction between this protein and red blood cells (RBCs). Several studies support the concept that fibrinogen interacts with RBC membrane and this binding, due to specific and non-specific mechanisms, may be a trigger to RBC hyperaggregation in inflammation. The main goals of our work were to prove that human RBCs are able to specifically bind soluble fibrinogen, and identify membrane molecular targets that could be involved in this process. RBCs were first isolated from blood of healthy individuals and then separated in different age fractions by discontinuous Percoll gradients. After isolation RBC samples were incubated with human soluble fibrinogen and/or with a blocking antibody against CD47 followed by fluorescence confocal microscopy, flow cytometry acquisitions and zeta potential measurements. Our data show that soluble fibrinogen interacts with the human RBC membrane in an age-dependent manner, with younger RBCs interacting more with soluble fibrinogen than the older cells. Importantly, this interaction is abrogated in the presence of a specific antibody against CD47. Our results support a specific and age-dependent interaction of soluble fibrinogen with human RBC membrane; additionally we present CD47 as a putative mediator in this process. This interaction may contribute to RBC hyperaggregation in inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-490
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Volume1818
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Binding
  • CD47
  • Molecular target
  • RBC age
  • RBCs
  • Soluble fibrinogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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