Integration of clinical anatomical sciences in medical education: Design, development and implementation strategies

Mohammed K. Khalil, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Vaughan Lee, Dolgor Baatar, Saskia Richter, Krista S. Johansen, Priti L. Mishall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

For the last 20 years, undergraduate medical education has seen a major curricular reform movement toward integration of basic and clinical sciences. The rationale for integrated medical school curricula focuses on the application of knowledge in a clinical context and the early ability to practice key skills such as critical thinking and clinical problem-solving. The method and extent of discipline integration can vary widely from single sessions to entire programs. A challenge for integrated curricula is the design of appropriate assessments. The goal of this review is to provide a framework for clinical anatomy educators with definitions of integration, examples of existing integration models, strategies, and instructional methods that promote integration of basic and clinical sciences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-793
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • anatomy education
  • cognitive integration
  • curriculum integration
  • teaching innovation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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