Integrating Routine HIV Screening Into a Primary Care Setting in Rural North Carolina

James L. Harmon, Michelle Collins-Ogle, John A. Bartlett, Julie Thompson, Julie Barroso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Blacks living in the southern United States are disproportionately affected by HIV infection. Identifying and treating those who are infected is an important strategy for reducing HIV transmission. A model for integrating rapid HIV screening into community health centers was modified and used to guide implementation of a testing program in a primary care setting in a small North Carolina town serving a rural Black population. Anonymous surveys were completed by 138 adults who were offered an HIV test; of these, 61% were female and 89.9% were Black. One hundred patients (72%) accepted the test. Among those Black survey respondents who accepted an offer of testing, 58% were women. The most common reason for declining an HIV test was lack of perceived risk; younger patients were more likely to get tested. Implementation of the testing model posed challenges with time, data collection, and patient flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-82
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • African American
  • Black
  • HIV
  • Primary care
  • Rural
  • Screening
  • South

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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