Insulin stimulates the activity of Na+/N+-ATPase in human peritoneal mesothelial cells

Janusz Witowski, Andrzej Breborowicz, Nicholas Topley, Leo Martis, Jan Knapowski, Dimitrios G. Oreopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of insulin on the Na+/ K+-ATPase expression and activity in human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC). Methods: HPMC were isolated from the omental tissue of non-uremic patients, grown to confluence and rendered quiescent by serum deprivation for 24 hours. The activity of Na+/K+-ATPase was determined by measuring the ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake. To assess whether the effect of insulin was related to changes in [Na+](i) the sodium influx was measured with 22Na and the activity of Na+/K+-ATPase was assessed in the presence of amiloride. Expression of Na+/K+-ATPaseα1, α2 and β1-subunit mRNAs was determined by RT/PCR. Results: Exposure of HPMC to insulin resulted in a time- and dose-dependent increase in the Na+/K+-ATPase activity. After 60 minutes the ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake (cpm/104 cells) was increased from 6650 ± 796 in control cells to 9763 ± 1212 in HPMC exposed to 100 mU/mL insulin (1.5-fold increase; n = 4, P < 0.05). In addition, incubation of HPMC with 100 mU/mL insulin resulted in a time-dependent increase in the 22Na influx. pre-exposure of HPMC to 1 mM amiloride reduced the activity of Na+/K+-ATPase but did not block the stimulatory effect of insulin. RT/PCR analysis revealed that HPMC constitutively expressed α1- and β1-subunit mRNAs while the α2-subunit mRNA was barely detectable. Exposure of HPMC to insulin for up to 24 hours was not associated with any changes in the expression of either α1, α2 or β1-subunit. Conclusion: Insulin stimulates the Na+/K+-ATPase activity in HPMC in a time- and dose-dependent manner. This effect appears to mediated by an increase in [Na+](i) and is not related to alterations in Na+/K+-ATPase subunit mRNAs expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-193
Number of pages8
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume17
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Insulin
Messenger RNA
Amiloride
Ouabain
Human Activities
sodium-translocating ATPase
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Sodium
Serum

Keywords

  • Insulin
  • Mesothelial cells
  • Na/K-ATPase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Witowski, J., Breborowicz, A., Topley, N., Martis, L., Knapowski, J., & Oreopoulos, D. G. (1997). Insulin stimulates the activity of Na+/N+-ATPase in human peritoneal mesothelial cells. Peritoneal Dialysis International, 17(2), 186-193.

Insulin stimulates the activity of Na+/N+-ATPase in human peritoneal mesothelial cells. / Witowski, Janusz; Breborowicz, Andrzej; Topley, Nicholas; Martis, Leo; Knapowski, Jan; Oreopoulos, Dimitrios G.

In: Peritoneal Dialysis International, Vol. 17, No. 2, 03.1997, p. 186-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Witowski, J, Breborowicz, A, Topley, N, Martis, L, Knapowski, J & Oreopoulos, DG 1997, 'Insulin stimulates the activity of Na+/N+-ATPase in human peritoneal mesothelial cells', Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 186-193.
Witowski J, Breborowicz A, Topley N, Martis L, Knapowski J, Oreopoulos DG. Insulin stimulates the activity of Na+/N+-ATPase in human peritoneal mesothelial cells. Peritoneal Dialysis International. 1997 Mar;17(2):186-193.
Witowski, Janusz ; Breborowicz, Andrzej ; Topley, Nicholas ; Martis, Leo ; Knapowski, Jan ; Oreopoulos, Dimitrios G. / Insulin stimulates the activity of Na+/N+-ATPase in human peritoneal mesothelial cells. In: Peritoneal Dialysis International. 1997 ; Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 186-193.
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