A protein of molecular weight 31,000 became labeled with 32P within 5 min after addition of insulin to differentiated 3T3-L1 preadipocytes previously incubated for 55 min, with 32P(i). The effect was mimicked by antisera directed against the insulin receptor and was eliminated by anti-insulin antiserum. Incorporation of 32P into this protein was more than 20-fold greater in insulin-treated cells than in cells not exposed to the hormone. At concentrations greater than required with insulin, epidermal growth factor and serum (1-5%) also stimulated phosphorylation whereas l-isoproterenol, a β-adrenergic agonist that increases intracellular accumulation of cyclic AMP, was without effect. The 31,000-dalton protein has been tentatively identified as ribosomal protein S6 by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Incorporation of 32P into S6 could be detected within the same time period (5 min) and at the same insulin concentrations (0.1-1.0 nM) as are required to stimulate hexose uptake in both 3T3-L1 cells and mature mammalian adipocytes. The mechanism by which this phosphorylation either mediates or reflects the intracellular actions of insulin remains to be elucidated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1979|
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