Insulin-dependent covalent reassociation of isolated alpha beta heterodimeric insulin receptors into an alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric disulfide-linked complex.

B. D. Morrison, M. L. Swanson, L. J. Sweet, J. E. Pessin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The purified human placental alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric insulin receptor complex was reduced and dissociated into functional alpha beta heterodimers by a combination of alkaline pH and dithiothreitol treatment. Insulin treatment of the isolated alpha beta heterodimeric complex was observed to induce the complete reassociation to an alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric state when analyzed by nondenaturing Bio-Gel A-1.5m gel filtration chromatography. Nonreducing sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of 125I-insulin affinity cross-linked and 32P-autophosphorylated alpha beta heterodimers demonstrated that the insulin-dependent reassociation to the alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric state occurred both covalently and noncovalently under these conditions. Comparison by reducing and nonreducing sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that the insulin-dependent covalent reassociation to an alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric complex was due to the formation of a disulfide linkage(s) between the alpha beta heterodimers. beta subunit autophosphorylation of the control alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric insulin receptor preparation was maximally stimulated within 5 min of insulin preincubation and occurred exclusively in the Mr = 400,000 alpha 2 beta 2 complex. Similarly, maximal insulin-stimulated beta subunit autophosphorylation of the alpha beta heterodimeric preparation occurred within 5 min of insulin pretreatment in the Mr = 210,000 alpha beta complex. However, 4 h of insulin pretreatment of the alpha beta heterodimer preparation induced the formation (6-fold) of a covalent 32P-labeled alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric complex. Maximal stimulation of substrate phosphorylation for the alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric complex was also observed to occur within 5 min of insulin treatment, whereas maximal insulin-stimulated substrate phosphorylation of the alpha beta heterodimeric complex required greater than 4 h. These data demonstrate that (i) insulin treatment can induce the reassociation of the alpha beta heterodimeric complex into a covalent alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric state, and (ii) insulin-dependent protein kinase activation of the alpha beta heterodimeric insulin receptor correlates with the covalent reassociation into a disulfide-linked alpha 2 beta 2 heterotetrameric complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7806-7813
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Volume263
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 1988
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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