Innate and humoral recognition of the products of cell death: differential antigenicity and immunogenicity in lupus

P. Arora, M. Malik, R. Sachdeva, L. Saxena, J. Das, V. G. Ramachandran, R. Pal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While apoptotic debris is believed to constitute the original antigenic insult in lupus (which is characterized by a time-dependent diversification of autoreactivity), whether such debris and autoantibodies specifically recognizing its constituents mediate differential effects on innate and humoral responses in lupus-prone mice is currently unknown. Apoptotic blebs (as opposed to cellular lysate) enhanced preferentially the maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) from bone marrow precursors drawn from lupus-prone mice. Murine, somatically mutated, apoptotic cell-reactive immunoglobulin (Ig)G monoclonal antibodies demonstrated enhanced recognition of DCs and also displayed a prominent lupus strain-specific bias in mediating DC maturation. Further, immunization of such antibodies specifically in lupus-prone mice resulted in widespread humoral autoreactivity; hypergammaglobulinaemia (a hallmark of systemic autoimmunity) was observed, accompanied by enhanced antibody titres to cellular moieties. Induced antibodies recognized antigens distinct from those recognized by the antibodies employed for immunization; in particular, nephritis-associated anti-double stranded (ds) DNA antibodies and neonatal lupus-associated anti-Ro60 antibodies were elicited by a non-dsDNA, non-Ro60 reactive antibody, and Sm was a favoured target. Further, only in lupus-prone mice did such immunization enhance the kinetics of humoral anti-self responses, resulting in the advanced onset of glomerulosclerosis. These studies reveal that preferential innate and humoral recognition of the products of cell death in a lupus milieu influence the indices associated with autoimmune pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-368
Number of pages16
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume187
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cell Death
Antibodies
Dendritic Cells
Immunization
Hypergammaglobulinemia
Nephritis
Blister
Autoimmunity
Autoantibodies
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Immunoglobulin G
Bone Marrow
Monoclonal Antibodies
Pathology
Antigens
DNA

Keywords

  • aberrant apoptosis
  • antigen spreading
  • apoptosis
  • immune pathology
  • systemic autoreactivity
  • systemic lupus erthythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Innate and humoral recognition of the products of cell death : differential antigenicity and immunogenicity in lupus. / Arora, P.; Malik, M.; Sachdeva, R.; Saxena, L.; Das, J.; Ramachandran, V. G.; Pal, R.

In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, Vol. 187, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 353-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arora, P. ; Malik, M. ; Sachdeva, R. ; Saxena, L. ; Das, J. ; Ramachandran, V. G. ; Pal, R. / Innate and humoral recognition of the products of cell death : differential antigenicity and immunogenicity in lupus. In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology. 2017 ; Vol. 187, No. 3. pp. 353-368.
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