It has been demonstrated that the actin-severing activity of cofilin can be downregulated by LIM kinase (LIMK)-dependent phosphorylation at residue Ser3. Chemotactic stimulaton in various cell types induces cofilin dephosphorylation, suggesting that cofilin activation in these cells occurs by a dephosphorylation mechanism. However, resting metastatic carcinoma cells have the majority of their cofilin in a dephosphorylated but largely inactive state. Stimulation with epidermal growth factor (EGF) induces an increase in cofilin activity after 60 seconds together with an increase in phosphorylated cofilin (p-cofilin), indicating that cofilin dephosphorylation is not coupled to cofilin activation in these cells. Suppression of LIMK function by inhibiting Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) or LIMK siRNA inhibited the EGF-induced cofilin phosphorylation but had no effect on cofilin activity or cofilin-dependent lamellipod protrusion induced by EGF. Correlation analysis revealed that cofilin, p-cofilin and LIMK are not colocalized, and changes in the location of these proteins upon stimulation with EGF indicate that they are not functionally coupled. Phospholipase C, which has been implicated in cofilin activation following stimulation with EGF, does not regulate p-cofilin levels following stimulation with EGF. Therefore, our results do not support a model for the initial activation of cofilin by dephosphorylation in response to chemoattractant stimulation in metastatic carcinoma cells.
- LIM kiase
- Rho-associated protein kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology