Inhibition of phosphatidic acid synthesis alters the structure of the Golgi apparatus and inhibits secretion in endocrine cells

Anirban Siddhanta, Jonathan M. Backer, Dennis Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

In mammalian cells, activation of a Golgi-associated phospholipase D by ADP-ribosylation factor results in the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine to form phosphatidic acid (PA). This reaction stimulates the release of nascent secretory vesicles from the trans-Golgi network of endocrine cells. To understand the role of PA in mediating secretion, we have exploited the transphosphatidylation activity of phospholipase D. Rat anterior pituitary GH3 cells, which secrete growth hormone and prolactin, were treated with 1- butanol resulting in the synthesis of phosphatidylbutanol rather than PA. Under these conditions transport from the ER through the Golgi apparatus and secretion of polypeptide hormones were inhibited quantitatively. Furthermore, the in vitro synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) by Golgi membranes was inhibited quantitatively. Most significantly, in the presence of 1-butanol the architecture of the Golgi apparatus was disrupted, resulting in its disassembly and fragmentation. Removal of the alcohol resulted in the rapid restoration of Golgi structure and secretion of growth hormone and prolactin. Our results suggest that PA stimulation of PtdIns(4,5)P2 synthesis is required for maintaining the structural integrity and function of the Golgi apparatus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12023-12031
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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