HL-60TR, a tetraploid variant of the human promyeloid cell line HL-60, was obtained by culturing HL-60 cells for one week with the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) at 400 pM. HL-60TR cells have lost the ability to develop several common markers of maturation in response to compounds that induce monocytoid or myelocytoid differentiation of HL-60 cells. In addition, they release a factor which inhibits induction of the same markers in HL-60 cells. Medium conditioned by HL-60TR cells also inhibits colony formation by normal mouse bone marrow cells. These properties have been maintained by HL-60TR cells through more than one year of constant subculture in the absence of TPA, a finding which suggests the possibility that TPA may promote tumor formation not only through direct effects on the phenotype of initiated cells but also through induction of continued production of factors that affect differentiation of normal stem cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology