Influence of other maternal variables on the relationship between maternal virus load and mother-to-infant transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1

David N. Burns, Sheldon Landesman, David J. Wright, David Waters, Richard M. Mitchell, Arye Rubinstein, Anne Willoughby, James J. Goedert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess the relationship between maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 RNA level, other important covariates, and mother-to-infant (vertical) transmission of HIV-1, third trimester repository specimens from 160 HIV-1-seropositive women enrolled in the Mothers and Infants Cohort Study between 1986 and 1991 were assayed in batch for HIV-1 RNA. A significant association between peripheral blood HIV-1 RNA level and vertical transmission remained after controlling for CD4 cell level, duration of ruptured membranes, 'hard' drug (cocaine and heroin) use, and frequency of sexual activity during pregnancy. However, the association was attenuated among women with advanced HIV infection and those with a high frequency of sexual activity during pregnancy. In these settings, interventions that target risk factors other than virus load may be particularly important for preventing vertical transmission of HIV-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1206-1210
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume175
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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HIV-1
Mothers
Viruses
RNA
Sexual Behavior
Pregnancy
Heroin
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Virus Diseases
Cocaine
Cohort Studies
HIV
Membranes
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Immunology

Cite this

Influence of other maternal variables on the relationship between maternal virus load and mother-to-infant transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. / Burns, David N.; Landesman, Sheldon; Wright, David J.; Waters, David; Mitchell, Richard M.; Rubinstein, Arye; Willoughby, Anne; Goedert, James J.

In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 175, No. 5, 1997, p. 1206-1210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burns, David N. ; Landesman, Sheldon ; Wright, David J. ; Waters, David ; Mitchell, Richard M. ; Rubinstein, Arye ; Willoughby, Anne ; Goedert, James J. / Influence of other maternal variables on the relationship between maternal virus load and mother-to-infant transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. In: Journal of Infectious Diseases. 1997 ; Vol. 175, No. 5. pp. 1206-1210.
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