Influence of Familial Hypertension on Blood Pressure During Adolescence

F. Russell Kellogg, Michael I. Cohen

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Abstract

The relationships of familial hypertension and height, weight, and blood pressure (BP) were studied in two adolescent populations. Subjects having hypertensive first-degree relatives were matched to control subjects without such a family history. The group with familial hypertension demonstrated a slightly higher average BP but also had a greater mean body weight and ponderal index than the control group. After controlling for weight, male but not female subjects with a family history of hypertension had a greater prevalence of elevated BP and higher average pressures than controls. The factors of above-average weight and familial hypertension appear to interact so as to produce an excessive prevalence of elevated BP. These trends suggest that teenagers with hypertensive first-degree relatives constitute a special risk group that should be closely monitored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1047-1049
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Volume135
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1981

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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