Inflammatory bowel disease: A potential result from the collusion between gut microbiota and mucosal immune system

Bei Yue, Xiaoping Luo, Zhilun Yu, Sridhar Mani, Zhengtao Wang, Wei Dou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Host health depends on the intestinal homeostasis between the innate/adaptive immune system and the microbiome. Numerous studies suggest that gut microbiota are constantly monitored by the host mucosal immune system, and any slight disturbance in the microbial communities may contribute to intestinal immune disruption and increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic relapsing inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, maintaining intestinal immune homeostasis between microbiota composition and the mucosal immune system is an effective approach to prevent and control IBD. The overall theme of this review is to summarize the research concerning the pathogenesis of IBD, with particular focus on the factors of gut microbiota-mucosal immune interactions in IBD. This is a comprehensive and in-depth report of the crosstalk between gut microbiota and the mucosal immune system in IBD pathogenesis, which may provide insight into the further evaluation of the therapeutic strategies for IBD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number440
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

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Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Immune System
Microbiota
Homeostasis
Gastrointestinal Tract
Gastrointestinal Microbiome
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Gut microbiota
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Mucosal immune system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Inflammatory bowel disease : A potential result from the collusion between gut microbiota and mucosal immune system. / Yue, Bei; Luo, Xiaoping; Yu, Zhilun; Mani, Sridhar; Wang, Zhengtao; Dou, Wei.

In: Microorganisms, Vol. 7, No. 10, 440, 10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Yue, Bei ; Luo, Xiaoping ; Yu, Zhilun ; Mani, Sridhar ; Wang, Zhengtao ; Dou, Wei. / Inflammatory bowel disease : A potential result from the collusion between gut microbiota and mucosal immune system. In: Microorganisms. 2019 ; Vol. 7, No. 10.
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