The purpose of this study is to review a large series of HIV-infected patients who underwent total joint arthroplasty and identify potential risk-factors for infection. Sixty-nine HIV-infected arthroplasty cases were analyzed with 138 matched controls. Deep infection rate following total hip or knee arthroplasty was 4.4% (3 of 69) among HIV cases compared to 0.72% (1 of 138) among controls, yielding a non-significant 6.22 times increased odds of infection (95% CI 0.64-61.0, P= 0.11). Kaplan-Meier survival curves for infection free survival and revision free survival revealed non-significantly decreased survival in HIV cases compared to controls ( P= 0.06 and P= 0.09). Our results suggest that the rate of early joint infection following primary total joint arthroplasty in the HIV-infected population is lower than reported in a number of previously published studies.
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine