Induction of vascular smooth muscle cell tenascin-C gene expression by denatured type I collagen is dependent upon a β3 integrin-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and a 122-base pair promoter element

Peter Lloyd Jones, Frederick S. Jones, Bin Zhou, Marlene Rabinovitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tenascin-C is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein, the expression of which is upregulated in remodeling arteries. In previous studies we showed that the presence of tenascin-C alters vascular smooth muscle cell shape and amplifies their proliferative response by promoting growth factor receptor clustering and phosphorylation. Moreover, we demonstrated that denatured type I collagen induces smooth muscle cell tenascin-C protein production via β3 integrins. In the present study, we examine the pathway by which β3 integrins stimulate expression of tenascin-C, and define a promoter sequence that is critical for its induction. On native collagen, A10 smooth muscle cells adopt a stellate morphology and produce low levels of tenascin-C mRNA and protein, whereas on denatured collagen they spread extensively and produce high levels of tenascin-C mRNA and protein, which is incorporated into an elaborate extracellular matrix. Increased tenascin-C synthesis on denatured collagen is associated with elevated protein tyrosine phosphorylation, including activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1 and ERK2). β3 integrin function-blocking antibodies attenuate ERK1/2 activation and tenascin-C protein synthesis. Consistent with these findings, treatment with the specific MEK inhibitor, PD 98059, results in suppression of tenascin-C protein synthesis. To investigate whether β3 integrin-dependent activation of ERK1/2 regulates the tenascin-C promoter, we transfected A10 cells with a full-length (approx. 4 kb) mouse tenascin-C gene promoter-chloramphenicol acetyltransferse reporter construct and showed that, relative to native collagen, its activity is increased on denatured collagen. Next, to identify regions of the promoter involved, we examined a series of tenascin-C promoter constructs with 5' deletions and showed that denatured collagen-dependent promoter activity was retained by a 122-base pair element, located -43 to -165 bp upstream of the RNA start site. Activation of this element was suppressed either by blocking β3 integrins, or by preventing ERK1/2 activation. These observations demonstrate that smooth muscle cell binding to β3 integrins activates the mitogen activated protein kinase pathway, which is required for the induction of tenascin-C gene expression via a potential extracellular matrix response element in the tenascin-C gene promoter. Our data suggest a mechanism by which remodeling of type I collagen modulates tenascin-C gene expression via a β3 integrin-mediated signaling pathway, and as such represents a paradigm for vascular development and disease whereby smooth muscle cells respond to perturbations in extracellular matrix composition by altering their phenotype and patterns of gene expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-445
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of cell science
Volume112
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 10 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MAPK
  • Smooth muscle cell
  • Tenascin-C promoter
  • Type I collagen
  • β3 integrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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