Purpose: A phase I/II trial of docetaxel, cisplatin, fluorouracil (5- FU), and leucovorin (TPFL5) induction chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Patients and Methods: Twenty-three previously untreated patients with stage III or IV SCCHN and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group functional status less than or equal to 2 were treated with TPFL5. Postchemotherapy home support included intravenous fluids, prophylactic antibiotics, and granulocyte colony- stimulating factor (G-CSF). Docetaxel dose was escalated to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD). Fifteen patients were treated with three cycles of TPFL5 at MTD. Patients who achieved either a partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) to three cycles of TPFL5 then received definitive twice-daily radiation therapy. Toxicity and clinical and pathologic response to TPFL5 were assessed. Results: Twenty-three patients received a total of 69 cycles of TPFL5. The MTD was determined to be docetaxel 60 mg/m2. Dose- limiting toxicity (DLT) was neutropenia. Additional significant toxicities at MTD were nausea, mucositis, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy, and sodium- wasting nephropathy. The overall response rate to TPFL5 was 100%, which included 14 of 23 (61%) clinical CRs and nine of 23 (39%) clinical PRs. Primary-site clinical and pathologic CR rates were 19 of 22 (86%) CRs and 20 of 22 (91%) CRs, respectively. Eight patients had less than a CR in the neck to chemotherapy and, therefore, had postradiation neck dissections, four of which were positive for residual tumor. Conclusion: TPFL5 is a tolerable induction regimen in patients with good performance status. The DLT is neutropenia with significant mucositis, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy, and sodium-wasting nephropathy. The high response rates to TPFL5 justify further evaluation of this combination of agents in the context of formal clinical trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research