Independent Prognostic Significance of Monosomy 17 and Impact of Karyotype Complexity in Monosomal Karyotype/Complex Karyotype Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Results from Four ECOG-ACRIN Prospective Therapeutic Trials

on behalf of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

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Abstract

The presence of a monosomal karyotype (MK+) and/or a complex karyotype (CK+) identifies subcategories of AML with poor prognosis. The prognostic significance of the most common monosomies (monosomy 5, monosomy 7, and monosomy 17) within MK+/CK+ AML is not well defined. We analyzed data from 1,592 AML patients age 17–93 years enrolled on ECOG-ACRIN therapeutic trials. The majority of MK+ patients (182/195; 93%) were MK+/CK+ with 87% (158/182) having ≥5 clonal abnormalities (CK≥ 5). MK+ patients with karyotype complexity ≤4 had a median overall survival (OS) of 0.4y compared to 1.0y for MK- with complexity ≤4 (p < 0.001), whereas no OS difference was seen in MK+ vs. MK- patients with CK≥ 5 (p = 0.82). Monosomy 5 (93%; 50/54) typically occurred within a highly complex karyotype and had no impact on OS (0.4y; p = 0.95). Monosomy 7 demonstrated no impact on OS in patients with CK≥ 5 (p = 0.39) or CK ≤ 4 (p = 0.44). Monosomy 17 appeared in 43% (68/158) of CK≥ 5 patients and demonstrated statistically significant worse OS (0.4y) compared to CK≥ 5 patients without monosomy 17 (0.5y; p = 0.012). Our data suggest that the prognostic impact of MK+ is limited to those with less complex karyotypes and that monosomy 17 may independently predict for worse survival in patients with AML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Complex Karyotype
  • Cytogenetics
  • Monosomal Karyotype
  • Monosomy 17
  • Monosomy 5
  • Monosomy 7
  • Myeloid Leukemia
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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