Incremental Value of Deformation Imaging and Hemodynamics Following Heart Transplantation: Insights From Graft Function Profiling

Yukari Kobayashi, Naga Lakshmi Sudini, June Wha Rhee, Marie Aymami, Kegan J. Moneghetti, Sara Bouajila, Yuhei Kobayashi, Juyong B. Kim, Ingela Schnittger, Jeffery J. Teuteberg, Kiran K. Khush, William F. Fearon, Francois Haddad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives This study investigated to define graft dysfunction and to determine its incremental association with long-term outcome after heart transplantation (HT). Background Although graft failure is an established cause of late mortality after HT, few studies have analyzed the prognostic value of graft dysfunction at 1- and 5-year follow-up of HT. Methods Patients who underwent HT and completed their first annual evaluation with right heart catheterization and echocardiography at Stanford University between January 1999 and December 2011 were included in the study. Hierarchical clustering was used to identify modules to capture independent features of graft dysfunction at 1 year. The primary endpoint for analysis consisted of the composite of cardiovascular mortality, re-transplantation, or heart failure hospitalization within 5 years of HT. The study further explored whether changes in graft dysfunction between 1 and 5 years were associated with 10-year all-cause mortality. Results A total of 215 HT recipients were included in the study. Using hierarchical clustering, 3 functional modules were identified; among them, left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), stroke volume index, and right atrial pressure (RAP) or pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) captured key features of graft function. Graft dysfunction based on pre defined LVGLS in absolute value <14%, stroke volume index <35 ml/m2, RAP >10 mm Hg, or PCWP >15 mm Hg were present in 41%, 36%, and 27%, respectively. The primary endpoint at 5 years occurred in 52 patients (24%), whereas 10-year all-cause mortality occurred in 30 (27%) of 110 patients alive at 5 years. On multivariate analysis, RAP (standardized hazard ratio: 1.63), LVGLS (standardized hazard ratio: 1.39), and a history of hemodynamically compromising rejection within 1 year (hazard ratio: 2.18) were independent predictors of 5-year outcome. RAP at 5 years, as well as change in RAP from 1 to 5 years, was predictive of 10-year all-cause mortality. Conclusions RAP and LVGLS at the first annual evaluation provide complementary prognostic information in predicting 5-year outcome after HT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-939
Number of pages10
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • diastolic dysfunction
  • heart transplantation
  • rejection
  • right heart catheterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Incremental Value of Deformation Imaging and Hemodynamics Following Heart Transplantation: Insights From Graft Function Profiling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this