Increasing HIV Testing Among African Immigrants in Ireland: Challenges and Opportunities

Adebola A. Adedimeji, Aba Asibon, Gerard O’Connor, Richard Carson, Ethan Cowan, Philip McKinley, Jason Leider, Patrick Mallon, Yvette Calderon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In 2012, immigrants constitute 63 % of new cases of heterosexually transmitted HIV among individuals born outside Ireland. Current strategies to encourage testing can be ineffective if immigrants perceive them as culturally insensitive. We obtained qualitative data to explore challenges to voluntary HIV-testing for immigrants in Ireland. Content analysis was undertaken to identify and describe pertinent themes. Widespread beliefs that HIV is primarily a disease of African immigrants were identified as challenges that constrain access to testing and care. The organization and location of testing services, attitude of health workers, and beliefs regarding mandatory HIV-testing for immigrants seeking access to welfare benefits were also identified. Immigrants in Ireland encounter a variety of structural, cultural and personal constraints to HIV testing. Opportunities exist in the Irish Health system to increase testing among immigrants through greater acknowledgement of cultural sensitivities of immigrant groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Immigrants
  • Ireland
  • Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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