Purpose: To compare procedural complications in patients undergoing atherectomy plus angioplasty (A+A) and plain balloon angioplasty (POBA). Materials and Methods: Patients in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) registry undergoing first-time peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) were included. Those undergoing aortoiliac or pedal interventions, primary stenting, or hybrid procedures were excluded. Patients were stratified by lesion location (femoropopliteal [FP] or tibial [TIB]). The primary outcomes were target vessel dissection, distal embolization, and provisional stent placement. Secondary outcomes included postoperative complications and the need for subsequent interventions. Results: 12 499 patients undergoing FP (49.6% A+A) and 6736 patients undergoing TIB (17.0% A+A) interventions were identified. In the FP group, A+A was associated with greater intraoperative target vessel dissection (4.5% vs 2.6%, p<0.001), distal embolization (1.5% vs 0.7%, p =0.001), and provisional stent placement (1.5% vs 0%, p<0.001); and greater postoperative target vessel dissection (4.2% vs 2.0%, p<0.001) and distal embolization (0.9% vs 0.4%, p=0.034). In the TIB group, A+A was associated with fewer intraoperative vessel dissection (0.8% vs 2.3%, p=0.011) but greater provisional stent placement (0.3% vs 0%, p<0.001). TIB A+A was also associated with higher rates of technical success (97.6% vs 95.1%, p<0.001). Conclusions: Atherectomy was associated with increased procedural-related complications in femoropopliteal, but not in tibial vessels. Future studies addressing lesion morphology, device design, and technique may help define its role in peripheral vascular interventions.
- balloon angioplasty
- peripheral vascular disease
- Vascular Quality Initiative
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine