Incidence of contralateral–bilateral nodes in the human papillomavirus era

Andrew G. Tritter, Vikas Mehta, Madeleine Samuelson, Ginger deGravelle, Xiaohui Ma, Tara Medlin-Moore, Amol Takalkar, Gloria Caldito, Cherie Ann O. Nathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has a more favorable prognosis when compared to HPV-negative disease, regardless of the presence of nodal metastases. However, the importance of contralateral neck treatment based on HPV status has not been well studied. Given the historically poor prognostic implications of cervical nodal metastases, this study sought to elucidate the relationship between HPV status and contralateral/bilateral nodal metastasis in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Design: Retrospective cohort analysis. Methods: Data were collected on patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma from 2001 to 2014. Nodal status was determined by contrast-enhanced computed tomography, positron emission tomography, or surgical pathology when available. Survival rates and associations between HPV status and demographic/tumor characteristics were assessed. Results: Of 178 total patients, 46 (26.0%) had contralateral/bilateral metastases. There was no significant difference in incidence of contralateral/bilateral nodal metastases between HPV-positive and HPV-negative patients (24.6% vs. 29.1%, P =.53). Tonsil primaries had significantly lower incidence of contralateral/bilateral nodal metastases compared to tongue base (20.9% vs. 34.3%, P =.048). On multivariate regression, tumor size was the only factor associated with contralateral/bilateral nodal metastases (T4 vs. T1–3 odds ratio = 5.15, 95% confidence interval: 2.4-11.2). Five-year overall survival among all patients with and without contralateral/bilateral nodal metastases was 45.4% and 65.2%, respectively (P =.007). Conclusions: Our results did not show a significantly different incidence of contralateral/bilateral nodal metastases between HPV-positive and HPV-negative patients. T4 stage and tongue base location, however, were associated with contralateral disease. These data suggest treatment of bilateral necks might be warranted in these cases, regardless of HPV status. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 127:1328–1333, 2017.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1328-1333
Number of pages6
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume127
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • bilateral
  • contralateral
  • head and neck cancer
  • human papillomavirus
  • N2c
  • nodal metastases
  • oropharynx
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • tongue base
  • tonsil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Tritter, A. G., Mehta, V., Samuelson, M., deGravelle, G., Ma, X., Medlin-Moore, T., ... Nathan, C. A. O. (2017). Incidence of contralateral–bilateral nodes in the human papillomavirus era. Laryngoscope, 127(6), 1328-1333. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.26439