In vivo comparison of macrocyclic and acyclic ligands for radiolabeling of monoclonal antibodies with 177Lu for radioimmunotherapeutic applications

Diane E. Milenic, Kayhan Garmestani, Lara L. Chappell, Ekaterina Dadachova, Alexander Yordanov, Dangshe Ma, Jeffrey Schlom, Martin W. Brechbiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


The studies reported herein present the first in vitro and in vivo comparison of radioimmunoconjugates (RIC) radiolabeled with 177Lu using the acyclic CHX-A″-DTPA ligand and the macrocyclic ligands, C-DOTA and PA-DOTA. The in vivo studies include pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of the formed 177Lu-labeled immunoconjugates in a tumor bearing murine model with engineered monoclonal antibody HuCC49ΔCH2. The in vitro analysis indicated that the CHX-A″ RIC was superior with respect to immunoreactivity, radiolabeling with 177Lu, and specific activity. The in vivo pharmacokinetic data by itself indicated that the Lu(III)-PA-DOTA complex may not be as stable as Lu(III) complexes with CHX-A″ or C-DOTA. All three RICs demonstrated tumor targeting of human colon carcinoma xenografts in athymic mice. In these biodistribution studies, there appears to be no overall pattern or trend of one RIC over the other two. Based on these in vitro and in vivo studies, the CHX-A″ DTPA ligand should be considered a suitable bifunctional chelate for the radiolabeling of monoclonal antibodies with 177Lu for radioimmunotherapy applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-442
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 17 2002


  • CHX-A″
  • DOTA
  • Lu-177
  • Radioimmunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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