In vivo antitumor activity of cis-bis-neodecanoato-trans- R,R-l,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) formulated in long-circulating liposomes

Atsuhide Mori, Su Ping Wu, Insook Han, Abdul R. Khokhar, Roman Perez-Soler, Leaf Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A lipophilic cisplatin derivative, cis-bisneodecanoato-trans-R,R-l,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) (NDDP), was formulated in liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and cholesterol (Chol) additionally containing monosialoganglioside (GM1) or polyethyleneglycol conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE). These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes were examined for in vivo antitumor activity using the mouse RIF-1 solid tumor as a target residing outside the reticuloendothelial system (RES). Biodistribution studies, using C3H/HeJ mice and 111In-labelled DTPA-SA as a lipid marker, showed that the activity of GM1 and PEG-PE in prolonging the circulation times of liposomes was preserved in the presence of 3.0 mol% of NDDP in the liposome membranes. The high levels of liposomes remaining in the blood for PC/Chol/GM1 and PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes were associated with high levels of platinum in the blood as determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes showed approximately a three-fold increase in tumor accumulation as compared to the conventional PC/Choi liposomes. In vitro cytotoxicity studies using RIF-1 tumor cells showed that the presence of PEG-PE, but not GM1, significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. RIF-1 tumor-bearing C3H/HeJ mice were treated twice with 25 mg/kg NDDP in various liposomal formulations on days 12 and 16 after tumor cell inoculation. A significant reduction in the tumor growth rate was observed when NDDP was formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes which support both efficient tumor accumulation and enhanced cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. On the other hand, NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/GM1 liposomes, which display only a high tumor accumulation, had no effect on the tumor growth rate. Furthermore, NDDP formulated in dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG)-containing liposomes, exhibiting in vitro cytotoxicity comparable to NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes, but showing poor tumor accumulation, was also not effective. These results indicate a potential effectiveness of NDDP formulated in PEG-PE-containing liposomes for therapy of tumors in non-RES organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-444
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Platinum
Liposomes
Tumors
Phosphatidylcholines
Neoplasms
Cholesterol
Cytotoxicity
Inbred C3H Mouse
Blood
Bearings (structural)
Cells
Atomic Spectrophotometry
Mononuclear Phagocyte System
Spectrophotometry
Growth
Cisplatin
Derivatives
Membranes
Lipids

Keywords

  • Drug delivery
  • Lipophilic cisplatin
  • Long-circulating liposomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

In vivo antitumor activity of cis-bis-neodecanoato-trans- R,R-l,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) formulated in long-circulating liposomes. / Mori, Atsuhide; Wu, Su Ping; Han, Insook; Khokhar, Abdul R.; Perez-Soler, Roman; Huang, Leaf.

In: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, Vol. 37, No. 5, 03.1996, p. 435-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A lipophilic cisplatin derivative, cis-bisneodecanoato-trans-R,R-l,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) (NDDP), was formulated in liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and cholesterol (Chol) additionally containing monosialoganglioside (GM1) or polyethyleneglycol conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE). These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes were examined for in vivo antitumor activity using the mouse RIF-1 solid tumor as a target residing outside the reticuloendothelial system (RES). Biodistribution studies, using C3H/HeJ mice and 111In-labelled DTPA-SA as a lipid marker, showed that the activity of GM1 and PEG-PE in prolonging the circulation times of liposomes was preserved in the presence of 3.0 mol{\%} of NDDP in the liposome membranes. The high levels of liposomes remaining in the blood for PC/Chol/GM1 and PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes were associated with high levels of platinum in the blood as determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes showed approximately a three-fold increase in tumor accumulation as compared to the conventional PC/Choi liposomes. In vitro cytotoxicity studies using RIF-1 tumor cells showed that the presence of PEG-PE, but not GM1, significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. RIF-1 tumor-bearing C3H/HeJ mice were treated twice with 25 mg/kg NDDP in various liposomal formulations on days 12 and 16 after tumor cell inoculation. A significant reduction in the tumor growth rate was observed when NDDP was formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes which support both efficient tumor accumulation and enhanced cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. On the other hand, NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/GM1 liposomes, which display only a high tumor accumulation, had no effect on the tumor growth rate. Furthermore, NDDP formulated in dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG)-containing liposomes, exhibiting in vitro cytotoxicity comparable to NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes, but showing poor tumor accumulation, was also not effective. These results indicate a potential effectiveness of NDDP formulated in PEG-PE-containing liposomes for therapy of tumors in non-RES organs.",
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AU - Perez-Soler, Roman

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N2 - A lipophilic cisplatin derivative, cis-bisneodecanoato-trans-R,R-l,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) (NDDP), was formulated in liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and cholesterol (Chol) additionally containing monosialoganglioside (GM1) or polyethyleneglycol conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE). These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes were examined for in vivo antitumor activity using the mouse RIF-1 solid tumor as a target residing outside the reticuloendothelial system (RES). Biodistribution studies, using C3H/HeJ mice and 111In-labelled DTPA-SA as a lipid marker, showed that the activity of GM1 and PEG-PE in prolonging the circulation times of liposomes was preserved in the presence of 3.0 mol% of NDDP in the liposome membranes. The high levels of liposomes remaining in the blood for PC/Chol/GM1 and PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes were associated with high levels of platinum in the blood as determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes showed approximately a three-fold increase in tumor accumulation as compared to the conventional PC/Choi liposomes. In vitro cytotoxicity studies using RIF-1 tumor cells showed that the presence of PEG-PE, but not GM1, significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. RIF-1 tumor-bearing C3H/HeJ mice were treated twice with 25 mg/kg NDDP in various liposomal formulations on days 12 and 16 after tumor cell inoculation. A significant reduction in the tumor growth rate was observed when NDDP was formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes which support both efficient tumor accumulation and enhanced cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. On the other hand, NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/GM1 liposomes, which display only a high tumor accumulation, had no effect on the tumor growth rate. Furthermore, NDDP formulated in dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG)-containing liposomes, exhibiting in vitro cytotoxicity comparable to NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes, but showing poor tumor accumulation, was also not effective. These results indicate a potential effectiveness of NDDP formulated in PEG-PE-containing liposomes for therapy of tumors in non-RES organs.

AB - A lipophilic cisplatin derivative, cis-bisneodecanoato-trans-R,R-l,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) (NDDP), was formulated in liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and cholesterol (Chol) additionally containing monosialoganglioside (GM1) or polyethyleneglycol conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE). These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes were examined for in vivo antitumor activity using the mouse RIF-1 solid tumor as a target residing outside the reticuloendothelial system (RES). Biodistribution studies, using C3H/HeJ mice and 111In-labelled DTPA-SA as a lipid marker, showed that the activity of GM1 and PEG-PE in prolonging the circulation times of liposomes was preserved in the presence of 3.0 mol% of NDDP in the liposome membranes. The high levels of liposomes remaining in the blood for PC/Chol/GM1 and PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes were associated with high levels of platinum in the blood as determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. These NDDP-containing long-circulating liposomes showed approximately a three-fold increase in tumor accumulation as compared to the conventional PC/Choi liposomes. In vitro cytotoxicity studies using RIF-1 tumor cells showed that the presence of PEG-PE, but not GM1, significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. RIF-1 tumor-bearing C3H/HeJ mice were treated twice with 25 mg/kg NDDP in various liposomal formulations on days 12 and 16 after tumor cell inoculation. A significant reduction in the tumor growth rate was observed when NDDP was formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes which support both efficient tumor accumulation and enhanced cytotoxicity of liposomal NDDP. On the other hand, NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/GM1 liposomes, which display only a high tumor accumulation, had no effect on the tumor growth rate. Furthermore, NDDP formulated in dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG)-containing liposomes, exhibiting in vitro cytotoxicity comparable to NDDP formulated in PC/Chol/PEG3000-PE liposomes, but showing poor tumor accumulation, was also not effective. These results indicate a potential effectiveness of NDDP formulated in PEG-PE-containing liposomes for therapy of tumors in non-RES organs.

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