In vitro and in vivo growth inhibition of murine melanoma K-1735 cells by a dominant negative mutant α subunit of the Gi2 protein

Sylvie Hermouet, Sadie Aznavoorian, Allen M. Spiegel

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Abstract

In murine and rat fibroblasts, activation of several G proteins (Gi2, Gq, G12) can stimulate cell growth or transformation, and can induce tumor formation in nude mice; contrastingly, inactivation of Gi2 inhibits fibroblast proliferation in vitro. We investigated whether it is possible to modulate malignant cell growth in vitro and in vivo through alteration of Gi2 protein function. To do so, we introduced mutated α subunits of Gi2i2) in CL19 cells, a clone of the murine melanoma cell line K-1735. When we did this, a constitutively activated mutant (ai2-Q205L) and a dominant negative mutant (αi2-G204A) of αi2 were stably expressed in CL19 cells. We found that the in vitro motility of all αi2-transfected CL19 cells was increased; however, overexpression and alteration of the function of Gi2 did not increase metastasis formation by CL19 cells in nude mice. Expression of αi2-Q205L conferred a limited growth advantage to CL19 cells in vitro; in vivo, tumor formation and size, and overall survival of animals injected with CL19 cells expressing αi2-Q205L, were similar to controls. In contrast, expression of the inactive αi2-G204A mutant inhibited CL19 growth in vitro by at least 50% in all conditions tested, and mice injected with cells expressing the αi2-G204 A mutant showed delayed tumor formation, reduced tumor size, and longer survival. We conclude that Gi2 proteins contribute to malignant cell growth, and more importantly, that inactivation of Gi2 proteins can inhibit proliferation of melanoma cells and possibly of othet malignant cells both in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • G proteins
  • Malignant cell growth
  • Melanoma
  • Tumor formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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