Improved proper name recall by electrical stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes

Lars A. Ross, David McCoy, David A. Wolk, H. Branch Coslett, Ingrid R. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

People's names have an embarrassing propensity to be forgotten. This problem is exacerbated by normal aging and by some kinds of dementia. As evidence from neuroimaging and neuropsychology suggest that portions of the anterior temporal lobes play a role in proper name retrieval, we hypothesized that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a technique that modulates neural transmission, to the anterior temporal lobes would alter the retrieval of proper names. Fifteen young adults received left anodal, right anodal, or sham stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes while naming pictures of famous individuals and landmarks. Right anterior temporal lobe stimulation significantly improved naming for people but not landmarks. These findings are consistent with the notion that the anterior temporal lobes are critically involved in the retrieval of people's names.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3671-3674
Number of pages4
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Temporal Lobe
Electric Stimulation
Names
Neuropsychology
Neuroimaging
Synaptic Transmission
Dementia
Young Adult

Keywords

  • Brain stimulation
  • Electrophysiology
  • Memory
  • Neuroscience
  • Person identity
  • Semantic
  • Social cognition
  • TDCS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Improved proper name recall by electrical stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes. / Ross, Lars A.; McCoy, David; Wolk, David A.; Coslett, H. Branch; Olson, Ingrid R.

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 48, No. 12, 10.2010, p. 3671-3674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ross, Lars A. ; McCoy, David ; Wolk, David A. ; Coslett, H. Branch ; Olson, Ingrid R. / Improved proper name recall by electrical stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes. In: Neuropsychologia. 2010 ; Vol. 48, No. 12. pp. 3671-3674.
@article{ac422b36a56c4360bacccc46b4e20cbf,
title = "Improved proper name recall by electrical stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes",
abstract = "People's names have an embarrassing propensity to be forgotten. This problem is exacerbated by normal aging and by some kinds of dementia. As evidence from neuroimaging and neuropsychology suggest that portions of the anterior temporal lobes play a role in proper name retrieval, we hypothesized that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a technique that modulates neural transmission, to the anterior temporal lobes would alter the retrieval of proper names. Fifteen young adults received left anodal, right anodal, or sham stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes while naming pictures of famous individuals and landmarks. Right anterior temporal lobe stimulation significantly improved naming for people but not landmarks. These findings are consistent with the notion that the anterior temporal lobes are critically involved in the retrieval of people's names.",
keywords = "Brain stimulation, Electrophysiology, Memory, Neuroscience, Person identity, Semantic, Social cognition, TDCS",
author = "Ross, {Lars A.} and David McCoy and Wolk, {David A.} and Coslett, {H. Branch} and Olson, {Ingrid R.}",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.07.024",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "3671--3674",
journal = "Neuropsychologia",
issn = "0028-3932",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improved proper name recall by electrical stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes

AU - Ross, Lars A.

AU - McCoy, David

AU - Wolk, David A.

AU - Coslett, H. Branch

AU - Olson, Ingrid R.

PY - 2010/10

Y1 - 2010/10

N2 - People's names have an embarrassing propensity to be forgotten. This problem is exacerbated by normal aging and by some kinds of dementia. As evidence from neuroimaging and neuropsychology suggest that portions of the anterior temporal lobes play a role in proper name retrieval, we hypothesized that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a technique that modulates neural transmission, to the anterior temporal lobes would alter the retrieval of proper names. Fifteen young adults received left anodal, right anodal, or sham stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes while naming pictures of famous individuals and landmarks. Right anterior temporal lobe stimulation significantly improved naming for people but not landmarks. These findings are consistent with the notion that the anterior temporal lobes are critically involved in the retrieval of people's names.

AB - People's names have an embarrassing propensity to be forgotten. This problem is exacerbated by normal aging and by some kinds of dementia. As evidence from neuroimaging and neuropsychology suggest that portions of the anterior temporal lobes play a role in proper name retrieval, we hypothesized that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a technique that modulates neural transmission, to the anterior temporal lobes would alter the retrieval of proper names. Fifteen young adults received left anodal, right anodal, or sham stimulation of the anterior temporal lobes while naming pictures of famous individuals and landmarks. Right anterior temporal lobe stimulation significantly improved naming for people but not landmarks. These findings are consistent with the notion that the anterior temporal lobes are critically involved in the retrieval of people's names.

KW - Brain stimulation

KW - Electrophysiology

KW - Memory

KW - Neuroscience

KW - Person identity

KW - Semantic

KW - Social cognition

KW - TDCS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957317624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957317624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.07.024

DO - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.07.024

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 3671

EP - 3674

JO - Neuropsychologia

JF - Neuropsychologia

SN - 0028-3932

IS - 12

ER -