Impediment profiling for smoking cessation: Results of a pilot study

Meghan O'Connell, Sean C. Lucan, Ming Chin Yeh, Elaine Rodriguez, Dipti Shah, Wendy Chan, David L. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To test the effectiveness of a smoking cessation program based on "impediment profiling," the elucidation of an individual participant's personal barriers, with provision of tailored interventions accordingly. Methods. A literature search was conducted to identify established impediments to smoking cessation. A long impediment profiler (LIP) was developed from validated survey instruments and used as a screening tool to identify individuals' barriers to quitting. Once barriers were identified, participants were assigned to up to seven interventions. Self-reported smoking cessation was confirmed with measurements of carbon monoxide concentrations in expired air of ≤ 10 ppm. Results. Nineteen adults participated in the pilot program. At the year 1 mark, 63.2% of the study population was smoke-free. The mean number of impediments of the study population was 3.5 ± 1.5. There was a negative association between subjects' quit status and the following impediments: stress (p = .0061), anxiety (p = .0445), and depression (p < .001). No single impediment was predictive of quit status. Conclusions. Impediment profiling as a basis for tailored smoking cessation intervention is associated with a high quit rate in this initial study, and it appears promising. Long-term follow-up is warranted, as is replication in a larger cohort with a concurrent control group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-303
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intervention Study
  • Prevention Research
  • Smoke
  • Smoking
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Tobacco
  • Tobacco Use Cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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