Until 2019, guidelines for procedural sedation emphasized a detailed process most applicable for elective procedures scheduled well in advance. These guidelines provided by the American Society of Anesthesiologists were adopted by many specialties and institutions, and they have historically served the medical field well. However, cardiologists and other specialists often encounter urgent situations that demand unscheduled sedation. Physicians have been concerned about performing procedures in a fashion that “departs from the guidelines.” In response, the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) has developed a set of guidelines for patients requiring urgent unscheduled sedation. Many of the recommendations made within the novel ACEP guidelines are appropriate for cardiology, but there remain fundamental differences between trauma and other emergencies encountered in the emergency department and urgent cardiac procedures. This paper examines the differences between the American Society of Anesthesiologists and ACEP guidelines and provides some points to consider regarding best practices for cardiologists.
- procedural sedation
- unscheduled sedation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine