Antibodies for several molecules that function in the visual process were used to localize these molecules in primate rod and cone cells. These antibodies (monoclonal or polyclonal) were prepared against Interphotoreceptor Retinoid-binding Protein (IRBP), S-antigen (S-Ag), opsin, αtransducin and also against cyclic GMP (cGMP). Lowicryl-embedded tissues were labeled with secondary antibodies linked to colloidal gold. Although IRBP is predominantly an extracellular protein, the relatively small amount found intracellularly was localized mainly in rods, with little in cones. Opsin, S-Ag and cGMP were found mainly in rod cell outer segments. A polyclonal antiserum raised against transducin-α purified from rod outer segments predominantly labeled rod cells, but an antiserum against the carboxyterminal decapeptide of transducin-α labeled both rod and cone cells. Thus, most of these specialized molecules are present predominantly in rod cells, confirming major differences in components of the visual cycle in rods and cones.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience