Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is expressed in many tissues, including bone, and acts on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts as an autocrine/paracrine regulator. Tight-junction proteins have been detected in osteoblasts, and direct cell-to-cell interactions may modulate osteoblast function with respect, for example, to gap junctions. In order to investigate the regulation of expression of tight-junction molecules and of function during bone differentiation, osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells and osteocyte-like MLO-Y4 cells were treated with IGF-I. In both MC3T3-E1 cells and MLO-Y4 cells, the tight-junction molecules occludin, claudin-1, -2, and -6, and the gap-junction molecule connexin 43 (Cx43) were detected by reverse transcription with polymerase chain reaction. In MC3T3-E1 cells but not MLO-Y4 cells, mRNAs of claudin-1, -2, and -6, Cx43, and type I collagen, and proteins of claudin-1 and Cx43 were increased after treatment with IGF-I. Such treatment significantly decreased paracellular permeability in MC3T3-E1 cells. The expression of claudin-1 in MC3T3-E1 cells after IGF-I treatment was mainly upregulated via a mitogen-activated protein (MAP)-kinase pathway and, in part, modulated by a PI3-kinase pathway, whereas Cx43 expression and the mediated gap-junctional intercellular communication protein did not contribute to the upregulation. Furthermore, in MC3T3-E1 cells during wound healing, upregulation of claudin-1 was observed together with an increase of IGF-I and type I collagen. These findings suggest that the induction of tight-junction protein claudin-1 and paracellular permeability during the differentiation of osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells after treatment with IGF-I is regulated via a MAP-kinase pathway, but not with respect to gap junctions.
- Cell culture (murine)
- Tight junction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology