The murine Ig heavy chain (IgH) 3' regulatory region contains four enhancers: hs3A, hs1,2, hs3B, and hs4. Various studies have suggested a role for these enhancers in regulating IgH expression and class switching. Here we assess the role of hs3A and hs1,2 in these processes by exploiting a naturally occurring deletion of these enhancers from the expressed, C57BL/6 allele of the F1 pre-B cell line, 70Z/3. Equivalent μ expression in 70Z/3 and 18-81 (which has an intact 3' region) indicated that hs3A and hs1,2 were not essential for μ expression at the pre-B cell stage. To further examine the role of hs3A and hs1,2 in IgH function at the plasma cell stage, we fused 70Z/3 with the plasmacytoma NSO. Electromobility shift assay analysis of the 70Z/3-NSO hybrids revealed a transcription factor complement conducive to the activation of the 3' enhancers. Despite the lack of enhancers, hs3A and hs1,2, the level of μ RNA and protein in the 70Z/3-NSO fusion hybrids was substantially elevated relative to its pre-B parent and comparable with that observed in a number of μ-producing spleen cell hybridomas. Additionally, ELISAspot assays showed that the 70Z/3-NSO hybrid underwent spontaneous class switching in culture to IgG1 at a frequency comparable with that of most hybridomas. These results indicate that hs3A and hs1,2 are not essential for high levels of IgH expression or for spontaneous class switching in a plasma cell line.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy