IFNγ/LPS treatment increases macrophage tumoricidal and microbicidal activity and inhibits CSF-1-induced macrophage proliferation. The mechanism underlying the latter effect was investigated in the CSF-1-dependent mouse macrophage cell line, BAC-1.2F5. IFN-γ and LPS together dramatically reduced the total number of CSF-1 receptors (CSF-1R) via selective degradation of the cell surface form. Processing and transport of intracellular CSF-1R to the cell surface were unaffected. IFN-γ alone had no effect but significantly enhanced LPS-induced CSF-1R down-regulation. The reduction in CSF-1R number was protein kinase C-dependent and involved changes in serine phosphorylation of the receptor at different sites. CSF-1R down-modulation by this mechanism may be important in switching off the energy-consuming processes of CSF-1R- mediated proliferation and chemotaxis in activated macrophages.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy