Identification of a translocated protein segment in a voltage-dependent channel

Stephen L. Slatin, Xiao Qing Qiu, Karen S. Jakes, Alan Finkelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations

Abstract

VOLTAGE-GATED channels undergo a conformational change in response to changes in transmembrane voltage. Here we use site-directed biotinylation to create conformation-sensitive sites on col-icin la, a bacteriocidal protein that forms a voltage-sensitive mem-brane channel, which can be monitored by electrophysiological methods1,2. We investigated a model of gating developed for the partly homologous colicin El that is based on the insertion of regions of the protein into the membrane in response to cis-positive voltages3-6. Site-directed cysteine mutagenesis, followed by chemi-cal modification, was used to attach a biotin molecule covalently to a series of unique sites on colicin la. The modified protein was incorporated into planar lipid membranes, where the introduced biotin moiety served as a site to bind the water-soluble protein streptavidin, added to one side of the membrane or the other. Our results show that colicin gating is associated with the translocation across the membrane of a segment of the protein of at least 31 amino acids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-161
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume371
Issue number6493
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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