Identification of a novel peptide that interferes with the chemical regulation of connexin43

Junko Shibayama, Rebecca Lewandowski, Fabien Kieken, Wanda Coombs, Sejal Shah, Paul L. Sorgen, Steven M. Taffet, Mario Delmar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The carboxyl-terminal domain of connexin43 (Cx43CT) is involved in various intra- and intermolecular interactions that regulate gap junctions. Here, we used phage display to identify novel peptidic sequences that bind Cx43CT and modify Cx43 regulation. We found that Cx43CT binds preferentially to peptides containing a sequence RXP, where X represents any amino acid and R and P correspond to the amino acids arginine and proline, respectively. A biased "RXP library" led to the identification of a peptide (dubbed "RXP-E") that bound Cx43CT with high affinity. Nuclear magnetic resonance data showed RXP-E-induced shifts in the resonance peaks of residues 343 to 346 and 376 to 379 of Cx43CT. Patch-clamp studies revealed that RXP-E partially prevented octanol-induced and acidification-induced uncoupling in Cx43-expressing cells. Moreover, RXP-E increased mean open time of Cx43 channels. The full effect of RXP-E was dependent on the integrity of the CT domain. These data suggest that RXP-based peptides could serve as tools to help determine the role of Cx43 as a regulator of function in conditions such as ischemia-induced arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1365-1372
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation research
Volume98
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Connexin
  • Cx43CT
  • Gap junctions
  • Particle-receptor interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Shibayama, J., Lewandowski, R., Kieken, F., Coombs, W., Shah, S., Sorgen, P. L., Taffet, S. M., & Delmar, M. (2006). Identification of a novel peptide that interferes with the chemical regulation of connexin43. Circulation research, 98(11), 1365-1372. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.RES.0000225911.24228.9c