PURPOSE: Hypogastric artery embolization is considered to be necessary to prevent retrograde flow and potential endoleaks when a stent-graft crosses the origin of the hypogastric artery. The authors assess the incidence of buttock claudication, which is the primary complication encountered. The effect of coil location and the presence of antegrade flow at the completion of embolization are evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hypogastric artery embolization and endoluminal repair of aneurysms and fistulas was performed in 34 patients (30 men; four women) aged 27-91 years (mean, 76 years). Ten patients were being treated for solitary abdominal aortic aneurysms, 13 were being treated for aortoiliac aneurysms, and six patients were being treated for isolated common iliac aneurysms, three for hypogastric artery aneurysms and two for iliac arteriovenous fistulas. Eleven patients had coils placed completely above the bifurcation of the hypogastric artery and 23 patients had coils placed at the bifurcation, or within the branches of the hypogastric artery. Preservation of antegrade flow after embolization was noted in 14 of 34 patients. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients underwent stent- graft repair after hypogastric artery embolization. There were two perioperative deaths, three proximal leaks, and one collateral leak. Of the 32 patients who survived the procedure, there was one retrograde leak, even though 13 of 32 (41%) patients had continued antegrade flow at completion of the hypogastric artery embolization. When coils were placed at or in the bifurcation of the hypogastric artery, 12 of 22 (55%) experienced claudication. When coils were placed in the proximal hypogastric artery, one of 10 (10%) claudicated. CONCLUSION: It is probably not necessary to completely occlude antegrade flow in the hypogastric artery to prevent a distal endoleak. Buttock claudication is rare when coils are placed in the proximal hypogastric artery rather than at its bifurcation or in its branches.
- Aneurysm, abdominal
- Aneurysm, iliac
- Hypogastric artery, occlusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine