To determine whether intracellular signaling events involved in apoptosis may also mediate necrosis, the role of the transcription factor AP- 1 was investigated in a hepatoma cell model of cellular necrosis induced by oxidant stress. Treatment of the human hepatoma cell line HuH-7 with H2O2 caused dose-dependent necrosis as determined by light microscopy fluorescent staining, and an absence of DNA fragmentation. H2O2 treatment led to increases in c-fos and c-jun mRNA levels, Jun nuclear kinase activity, and AP-1 DNA binding. AP-1 transcriptional activity measured with an AP-1-driven luciferase reporter gene was also increased. To determine whether this AP-1 activation contributed to H2O2-induced cell necrosis, HuH-7 cells were stably transfected with an antisense c-jun expression vector. Cells expressing antisense c-jun had decreased levels of AP-1 activation and significantly increased survival after H2O2 exposure. These data indicate that AP-1 activation occurs during oxidant-induced cell necrosis and contributes to cell death, Necrosis is therefore not always a passive process but may involve the activation of intracellular signaling pathways similar to those that mediate apoptosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||4 36-4|
|State||Published - Nov 15 1997|
- Hepatoma cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)