Humoral hypercalcemia caused by a rat Leydig-cell tumor is associated with suppressed parathyroid hormone secretion and increased urinary cAMP excretion

Allen M. Spiegel, A. W. Saxe, L. J. Deftos, M. F. Brennan

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Abstract

We studied the effect of a transplantable Leydig-cell tumor (Rice H-500) on serum calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and urinary cAMP in intact Fischer-344 rats. The tumor caused rapid and severe hypercalcemia (control = 10.5 ± 0.1 mg/dl [mean ± S.E.] vs. 14.6 ± 0.9 at day 12 post tumor inoculation) without evidence of metastasis. Progressive renal impairment and death generally occurred within 15 days of tumor inoculation. Serum PTH declined from control values before hypercalcemia occurred and was significantly reduced in tumor-bearing hypercalcemic rats (mean = 60 ± 8% of control values). Urinary cAMP excretion was increased in tumor-bearing rats (mean at day 12 post inoculation = 12.2 ± 1.4 nmol/dl creatinine clearance vs. control = 6.2 ± 0.2) and correlated positively with serum calcium. The Rice H-500 Leydig-cell tumor appears to secrete a humoral factor capable of causing hypercalcemia. This factor may also increase urinary cAMP excretion in a manner analogous to PTH, but it is not detected by PTH radioimmunoassay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-304
Number of pages6
JournalHormone and Metabolic Research
Volume15
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Leydig Cell Tumor
Hypercalcemia
Parathyroid Hormone
Rats
Tumors
Bearings (structural)
Neoplasms
Serum
Calcium
Inbred F344 Rats
Radioimmunoassay
Creatinine
Neoplasm Metastasis
Kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Humoral hypercalcemia caused by a rat Leydig-cell tumor is associated with suppressed parathyroid hormone secretion and increased urinary cAMP excretion. / Spiegel, Allen M.; Saxe, A. W.; Deftos, L. J.; Brennan, M. F.

In: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Vol. 15, No. 6, 1983, p. 299-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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