Human papillomavirus DNA remains detectable longer than related cervical cytologic abnormalities

Mark Schiffman, Cosette M. Wheeler, Philip E. Castle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are at high risk of neoplastic progression if they persist. Persistence can be measured by repeated HPV DNA tests or by cytologic testing. Thus, it is useful to understand the relationship between these 2 measurements. To explore the relative timing of HPV DNA clearance versus cytologic regression, data were analyzed from 840 study participants who were followed-up by repeat thin-layer cytology and HPV testing by a hybrid capture test at 6-month intervals for 2 years. On average, HPV DNA detection persisted longer than related cytologic abnormalities (P<.001). HPV type-specific data from a subset of 448 women with complete polymerase chain reaction test data confirmed that HPV DNA persisted longer than cytologic abnormalities (P<.001). It appears that the natural history of HPV typically includes periods before and after cytologic abnormality, in which HPV DNA is the more sensitive indicator of infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1169-1172
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume186
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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