Human immunodeficiency virus downregulates podocyte apoE expression

Shitij Arora, Mohammad Husain, Dileep Kumar, Hitesh Patni, Shresh Pathak, Devi Mehrotra, Vivek Kathi Reddy, Lalit Rajeev Reddy, Divya Salhan, Anju Yadav, Peter W. Mathieson, Moin A. Saleem, Praveen N. Chander, Pravin C. Singhal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Apolipoprotein E (apoE) has been demonstrated to play an important role in providing protection against mesangial cell injury. In the present study, we evaluated the role of apoE and its associated downstream effects in human immunodefi-ciency virus (HIV)-associated nephropathy (HIVAN). Control (n = 6) and age- and sex-matched HIV-1 transgenic mice (Tg26, n = 6) were evaluated for their renal cortical expression of apoE. Renal tissue from Tg26 mice not only showed decreased apoE expression but also displayed downregulation of perlecan mRNA expression. In in vitro studies, conditionally immortalized human podocytes (CIHPs) were transduced with either NL4-3HIV (an HIV-1 construct lacking gag and pol, used for the development of Tg26 mouse model; NL4-3/ CIHP) or empty vector (EV/CIHP); NL4-3/CIHPs and EV/CIHPs were studied for apoE mRNA expression. NL4-3/CIHPs showed reduction in apoE expression compared with EV/CIHPs. To evaluate the role of HIV-1 genes in the modulation of apoE expression, conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes (CIMPs) were transduced with individual HIV-1 gene constructs. Only nef-transduced CIMPs showed a decrease in apoE expression. To confirm this effect of nef in CIHPs, microarray analysis was performed in stable colonies of nef/CIHPs and EV/CIHPs. nef/CIHPs showed a 60% decrease in apoE and a 90% reduction in heparan sulfate mRNA expression. Moreover, nef transgenic mice showed a decrease in renal tissue expression of both apoE and perlecan. Both Tg26 and nef transgenic mice also showed areas of mesangial cell proliferation. These findings suggest that HIV-1-induced reduction in podocyte apoE expression and associated downregulation of podocyte perlecan might be contributing to mesangial cell (MC) phenotype in HIVAN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume297
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Podocytes
Apolipoproteins E
Down-Regulation
HIV
Viruses
Mesangial Cells
Transgenic Mice
Kidney
Messenger RNA
AIDS-Associated Nephropathy
Heparitin Sulfate

Keywords

  • Apolipoprotein E
  • Mesangial cells
  • Pelecan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

Cite this

Human immunodeficiency virus downregulates podocyte apoE expression. / Arora, Shitij; Husain, Mohammad; Kumar, Dileep; Patni, Hitesh; Pathak, Shresh; Mehrotra, Devi; Reddy, Vivek Kathi; Reddy, Lalit Rajeev; Salhan, Divya; Yadav, Anju; Mathieson, Peter W.; Saleem, Moin A.; Chander, Praveen N.; Singhal, Pravin C.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, Vol. 297, No. 3, 09.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arora, S, Husain, M, Kumar, D, Patni, H, Pathak, S, Mehrotra, D, Reddy, VK, Reddy, LR, Salhan, D, Yadav, A, Mathieson, PW, Saleem, MA, Chander, PN & Singhal, PC 2009, 'Human immunodeficiency virus downregulates podocyte apoE expression', American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, vol. 297, no. 3. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.90668.2008
Arora, Shitij ; Husain, Mohammad ; Kumar, Dileep ; Patni, Hitesh ; Pathak, Shresh ; Mehrotra, Devi ; Reddy, Vivek Kathi ; Reddy, Lalit Rajeev ; Salhan, Divya ; Yadav, Anju ; Mathieson, Peter W. ; Saleem, Moin A. ; Chander, Praveen N. ; Singhal, Pravin C. / Human immunodeficiency virus downregulates podocyte apoE expression. In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 2009 ; Vol. 297, No. 3.
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