Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Cardiac End-Organ Damage in Women: Findings From an Echocardiographic Study Across the United States

Sanyog G. Shitole, Jason M. Lazar, Cynthia C. Taub, Andrea C. Furlani, Deborah J. Konkle-Parker, Jodie Dionne-Odom, Margaret A. Fischl, Igho Ofotokun, Adaora A. Adimora, Elizabeth F. Topper, Yasmeen Golzar, Seble G. Kassaye, Deborah Gustafson, Kathryn Anastos, David B. Hanna, Xiaonan Xue, Phyllis C. Tien, Robert C. Kaplan, Jorge Kizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been reported to have increased risk of clinical and subclinical cardiovascular disease. Existing studies have focused on men and often have been uncontrolled or lacked adequate HIV-negative comparators. METHODS: We performed echocardiography in the Women's Interagency HIV Study to investigate associations of HIV and HIV-specific factors with cardiac phenotypes, including left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD), isolated LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), left atrial enlargement (LAE), LV hypertrophy (LVH), and increased tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV). RESULTS: Of 1654 participants (age 51 ± 9 years), 70% had HIV. Sixty-three (5.4%) women with HIV (WWH) had LVSD; 71 (6.5%) had isolated LVDD. Compared with women without HIV (WWOH), WWH had a near-significantly increased risk of LVSD (adjusted relative risk = 1.69; 95% confidence interval = 1.00 to 2.86; P = .051). No significant association was noted for HIV seropositivity with other phenotypes, but there was a risk gradient for decreasing CD4+ count among WWH that approached or reached significance for isolated LVDD, LAE, and LVH. WWH with CD4+ count <200 cells/mm3 had significantly higher prevalence of LAE, LVH, and high TRV than WWOH. There were no consistent associations for viral suppression or antiretroviral drug exposure. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that WWH have a higher risk of LVSD compared with sociodemographically similar WWOH, but their risk for isolated LVDD, LAE, LVH, and high TRV is increased only with reduced CD4+ count. Although these findings warrant replication, they support the importance of cardiovascular risk-factor and HIV-disease control for heart disease prevention in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-219
Number of pages10
JournalClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 13 2023


  • cardiac dysfunction
  • HIV
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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