Human amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: The effect on neuron-like differentiation in vitro

Guangwei Zeng, Gongping Wang, Fangxia Guan, Keliang Chang, Hongliang Jiao, Wanqin Gao, Shoumin Xi, Bo Yang

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19 Scopus citations


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential for self-renewal and multipotential differentiation to regenerate damaged tissues or recover functional absence in diseases. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nano-particles (SPIONs) are used as contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for labeling cells in vitro and for tracking SPION-labeled cells after transplantation in vivo. Human amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAM-dMSCs) have the capacity for neuron-like differentiation that could be used to cure central nervous system (CNS) diseases. The study investigated the impacts of cytotoxicity of SPIONs on neuron-like differentiation of hAM-dMSCs in both single (1×) and multiple (4×) SPI-ONs-labeled methods. hAM-dMSCs could be efficiently labeled at safe concentrations of SPIONs (≤14 μg/ml) without significantly affecting their viability (>80% after a MTT assay), special surface antigens (CD29, CD44, CD90, CD105 through flow cytometry), and neuron-like differentiation (nestin and neuron-specific enolase through immunocytochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction). Compared with multiple (4×) SPION-labeled methods, a single (1×) SPION-labeled method avoided multiple SPION-labeled hAM-dMSCs and minimized the impact of cytotoxicity of SPIONs on neuron-like differentiation of hAM-dMSCs. Under safe concentrations of SPIONs, a single (1×) SPION-labeled method provided appropriate viability for SPIONs-labeled hAM-dMSCs and facilitated the MRI evaluation of hAM-dMSCs after transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-341
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011



  • Amniotic membrane
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Neuron-like differentiation
  • Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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