How the endothelium and its bone marrow-derived progenitors influence development of disease

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association between diseases accompanied by abnormal endothelial/vascular function (atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia), and conditions characterized by increased tissue growth and normal endothelial/vascular function (cancer, placental size, birth length, adult height) could be caused by inherited characteristics of endothelial cells and their bone marrow-derived precursors. The genotype responsible for normal endothelial/precursor function could be modified by intrauterine and postnatal endothelial injury; telomere shortening caused by increased endothelial precursor proliferation in response to injury can result in premature endothelial senescence and a decreased precursor proliferative potential, thereby leading to an abnormal endothelial/precursor phenotype and the associated diseases. The individual endothelial/precursor phenotype could be established early in life and its changes in response to risk factors for diseases followed over time, thus providing a unique opportunity for identification and early institution of prophylactic and therapeutic interventions in diseases that cause most of the morbidity and mortality in advanced industrialized societies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-251
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Hypotheses
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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