Homophones and synonyms in short-term memory

Walter Kintsch, Herman Buschke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Illustrates differential effects of acoustic and semantic similarity on primary and secondary memory by analysis of short-term retention for sequences of 16 words containing either homophone pairs, synonym pairs, or unrelated words. After presentation of each sequence, 1 of the words in the sequence was given as a probe for S to respond with the word that followed in the sequence. Recall of early words in the lists was used to estimate the secondary memory component of short-term retention. Secondary memory was strongly decreased by semantic similarity. Recall of the most recent words in the lists provided a basis for estimation of primary memory. Primary memory was unaffected by semantic similarity, but was decreased significantly by acoustic similarity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-407
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology
Volume80
Issue number3 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1969
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Short-Term Memory
Semantics
Acoustics
Retention (Psychology)

Keywords

  • semantic similarity
  • short term memory, acoustic &

Cite this

Homophones and synonyms in short-term memory. / Kintsch, Walter; Buschke, Herman.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 80, No. 3 PART 1, 06.1969, p. 403-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kintsch, Walter ; Buschke, Herman. / Homophones and synonyms in short-term memory. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology. 1969 ; Vol. 80, No. 3 PART 1. pp. 403-407.
@article{124f788135124c549dd18883b0893bcb,
title = "Homophones and synonyms in short-term memory",
abstract = "Illustrates differential effects of acoustic and semantic similarity on primary and secondary memory by analysis of short-term retention for sequences of 16 words containing either homophone pairs, synonym pairs, or unrelated words. After presentation of each sequence, 1 of the words in the sequence was given as a probe for S to respond with the word that followed in the sequence. Recall of early words in the lists was used to estimate the secondary memory component of short-term retention. Secondary memory was strongly decreased by semantic similarity. Recall of the most recent words in the lists provided a basis for estimation of primary memory. Primary memory was unaffected by semantic similarity, but was decreased significantly by acoustic similarity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).",
keywords = "semantic similarity, short term memory, acoustic &",
author = "Walter Kintsch and Herman Buschke",
year = "1969",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1037/h0027477",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "80",
pages = "403--407",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology",
issn = "0022-1015",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3 PART 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Homophones and synonyms in short-term memory

AU - Kintsch, Walter

AU - Buschke, Herman

PY - 1969/6

Y1 - 1969/6

N2 - Illustrates differential effects of acoustic and semantic similarity on primary and secondary memory by analysis of short-term retention for sequences of 16 words containing either homophone pairs, synonym pairs, or unrelated words. After presentation of each sequence, 1 of the words in the sequence was given as a probe for S to respond with the word that followed in the sequence. Recall of early words in the lists was used to estimate the secondary memory component of short-term retention. Secondary memory was strongly decreased by semantic similarity. Recall of the most recent words in the lists provided a basis for estimation of primary memory. Primary memory was unaffected by semantic similarity, but was decreased significantly by acoustic similarity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - Illustrates differential effects of acoustic and semantic similarity on primary and secondary memory by analysis of short-term retention for sequences of 16 words containing either homophone pairs, synonym pairs, or unrelated words. After presentation of each sequence, 1 of the words in the sequence was given as a probe for S to respond with the word that followed in the sequence. Recall of early words in the lists was used to estimate the secondary memory component of short-term retention. Secondary memory was strongly decreased by semantic similarity. Recall of the most recent words in the lists provided a basis for estimation of primary memory. Primary memory was unaffected by semantic similarity, but was decreased significantly by acoustic similarity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - semantic similarity

KW - short term memory, acoustic &

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0005030064&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0005030064&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/h0027477

DO - 10.1037/h0027477

M3 - Article

VL - 80

SP - 403

EP - 407

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology

SN - 0022-1015

IS - 3 PART 1

ER -