Holocatalytic state of adenylate cyclase in turkey erythrocyte membranes: formation with guanylylimidodiphosphate plus isoproterenol without effect on affinity of β receptor

A. M. Spiegel, E. M. Brown, S. A. Fedak, C. J. Woodard, G. D. Aurbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Turkey erythrocyte membranes contain β adrenergic coupled adenylate cyclase systems that are modulated by guanine nuceotides. Incubation of membranes with Gpp(NH)p plus isoproterenol led to a persistently activated state ('holocatalytic state') of adenylate cyclase independent of agonist. Formation of this holocatalytic state was inhibited by conditions (4°) or by compounds (e.g., GTP, EDTA) that prevented Gpp(NH)p binding or that prevented binding of isoproterenol (e.g., propranolol). None of these agents, however, reduced activity of this activated state once it had been formed. The holocatalytic state, even though resistant to inhibition by propranolol, showed no change in receptor affinity or number of sites as determined by binding of 125I-HYP, a high affinity β adrenergic antagonist. Formation of the holocatalytic state, therefore, involves a modification of the adenylate cyclase system distal to the hormone receptor complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of cyclic nucleotide research
Volume2
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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