HIV Type 1 Infection of Human Cortical Neuronal Cells: Enhancement by Select Neuronal Growth Factors

Yaffa Mizrachi, Isaac Rodriguez, Paul M. Sweetnam, Arye Rubinstein, David J. Volsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuronal cells in culture respond to neuronal growth factors by secondary cellular pathways similar to those described for activation of lymphocytes and macrophages. In HIV-1-infected T lymphocytes and in macrophages, these pathways were shown to converge on nuclear factors that bind and stimulate the HIV-1 LTR and lead to enhancement of HIV-1 expression. In the current study we have investigated whether the same mechanisms also enhance HIV-1 production by neural cells. We have demonstrated that HIV/N1T replication in HCN-1A cells, a human cortical neuronal cell line, is enhanced threefold by nerve growth factor (NGF) and by fibroblast growth factor (FGF), but not by epidermal growth (EGF) factor, or phorbol ester. HCN-1A cells also responded to HIV/N1T infection with pronounced morphological changes, indicative of a differentiation-like process. The cells diminished in size and small neurites were observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1593-1596
Number of pages4
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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