HIV serostatus differs by catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met genotype

Erin E. Sundermann, Jeffrey R. Bishop, Leah H. Rubin, Bradley Aouizerat, Tracey E. Wilson, Kathleen M. Weber, Mardge Cohen, Elizabeth Golub, Kathryn Anastos, Chenglong Liu, Howard Crystal, Celeste L. Pearce, Pauline M. Maki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The Met allele of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism is associated with increased cortical dopamine and risk behaviors including illicit drug use and unprotected sex. Therefore, we examined whether or not the distribution of the Val158Met genotype differed between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis using data from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), the largest longitudinal cohort study of HIV in women. METHODS: We conducted an Armitage-Cochran test and logistic regression to compare genotype frequencies between 1848 HIV-infected and 612 HIV-uninfected women in WIHS. RESULTS: The likelihood of carrying one or two Met alleles was greater in HIV-infected women (61%) compared to HIV-uninfected women (54%), Z = -3.60, P <0.001. CONCLUSION: We report the novel finding of an association between the Val158Met genotype and HIV serostatus that may be mediated through the impact of dopamine function on propensity for risk-taking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1779-1782
Number of pages4
JournalAIDS
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 17 2013

Keywords

  • COMT genotype
  • HIV risk
  • Val158Met
  • dopamine
  • risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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